Currently, no other topic influences our lives as much as COVID-19. Many shops are closed, events have been cancelled, social distancing is en vogue, etc. Wherever possible, home office has been set up to continue working as best as possible. This is the case in our institute as well.

The Forschungszentrum Jülich is very close to the Heinsberg district, one of the most affected areas in Germany. As the risk of virus spread is very high with around 6000 employees, important measures to contain it were taken at an early stage. Business trips were scaled down further and further, the canteen was closed, events with more than 40 people were prohibited and finally, basic operations were introduced.
In our institute, the Institute of Neuroscience and Medicine (INM-7), home office was already implemented at the beginning of March, which means that week 7 of home office is coming to an end. We have turned our lab completely virtual and luckily this has come with only minimal compromises in terms of science and supervision. After a short period of getting used to the new situation, everyone has become familiar with it.

In the current situation four new colleagues have started working in our institute. It is quite bizarre that they have already been working for a month, but have not been on site yet – but even that is feasible. Only for parents the situation is a bit more difficult, because they have to take care of their children besides their work.

In order to allow for social exchange, we have set up a virtual meeting room called INM-7 kitchen so that we don’t have to give up our common coffee break. We also meet every Tuesday evening for a social video conference while having a few drinks. Even our institute seminars can be held online, which works surprisingly well (given that more than 60 people are joining). Moreover, using virtual conferences, it is way easier to invite external speakers to our seminar. As a platform we use the app Zoom, but we want to switch to another one, because there are considerable security concerns. Once we tried “BigBlueButton”, but some colleagues had problems with it (at least when 60+ participants took part). Now we are looking for an alternative. Do you have any tips for us? Which app do you use and how well do you get along with it?

My conclusion after 7 weeks of home office: Fortunately, it is going surprisingly well and it is becoming more and more normal to work from home. Nevertheless, I’m really looking forward to finally meet my colleagues in real life again.

How about you? Are you doing home office and if so, how do you cope with that?
Stay healthy! Many greetings from our home offices

As the year 2019 slowly draws to a close, it is time to look back on the past 12 months.

During the last year, a lot of things happened in our institute. We started in January with approximately 41 colleagues and now we have grown to 63 colleagues. We have gained two new groups one is called “Psychoinformatics”, which focuses on the interface of neuroscience, psychology and computer science and the combination of classical experimental methodology with machine learning methods. This group is headed by Michael Hanke, who was appointed professor at the Heinrich Heine University Düsseldorf in the domain of Systematic Analysis of Brain Organization. The other one “Biomarker Development” led by Jürgen Dukart aims to identify, validate and integrate novel neuroimaging and digital biomarkers that can be applied for early detection and treatment evaluation of changes in brain organization in advanced age as well as in neurological and psychiatric diseases.

Psychoinformatics group led by Michael Hanke.

 

Biomarker Development group led by Jürgen Dukart.

 

At this point I would also like to mention that Anne Latz Anne successfully completed her doctorate with the title “Neural correlates of age-related changes in cognitive action control” this year. Moreover, Sofie Valk was selected as the winner of the SANS Poster Award for her poster on “Neurogenetic markers of personality” at the annual meeting of the Social & Affective Neuroscience Society in May.

With more than 40 published papers and highly future oriented topics our scientific development was enormous and very innovative this year. One of the most important topics is the use of machine-learning approaches to train predictive models for inference on phenotypical characteristics of new, individual subjects from brain imaging data. For example, Susanne Weis has found that the gender of subjects can be predicted by applying machine learning approaches to resting state data. Additionally, Ji Chen observed a new way of describing schizophrenia by the application of machine learning approaches. He identified a four-factor structure representing negative, positive, affective, and cognitive symptoms as the most stable and generalizable representation of psychopathology. In the next year we would like to investigate the application of machine learning and artificial intelligence even more to improve diagnosis and prognosis of psychiatric diseases.

A special highlight this year was the “Tag der Neugier” tat the Forschungszentrum, which gave more than 28,000 visitors the chance to take a look behind the scenes of research. At our institute, the guests were invited to perform several neuropsychological tests and personality questionnaires and compare their performance to those of others to find out what it feels like to be in such a neuropsychological testing situation. Moreover, from young to old, all visitors were fascinated by our inflatable brain, in which we gave talk and explained our research topics with posters. The absolute highlight, however, was the station where the visitors had to balance on a balance board while their movement parameters were measured using an app programmed by Jürgen Dukart’s group. Doing so, we wanted to show that smartphones and wearables record movements very sensitively and that this information can in turn be used as an objective tool for symptom evaluation and as a measure for disease progression. Below you can find a video that gives you an overview what happened at the Tag der Neugier at our institute.

I am very satisfied with the past year and hope that 2020 will be just as exciting, eventful and successful. Now I just want to wish you a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

 

In June several colleagues of our institute visited the 25th Annual Meeting of the Organization for Human Brain Mapping (OHBM) in Rome. The aim of this international organization is to improve the understanding of the brain’s anatomical and functional organization by means of neuroimaging. Here, researchers from different domains like MRI, fMRI, PET, EEG/MEG and other cutting edge approaches such as electrophysiology, preclinical imaging, neuroepidemiology and genetics come together to present their research findings or methods by means of symposia, keynote lectures or posters. Moreover, especially for PhD students, educational courses and a hackathon are provided to promote education in human brain organization. With by now more than 4000 attendees, this conference belongs to one of the biggest ones in its field.